Gynecologic Cancer Risk Factors

Risk factors vary with specific types of gynecologic cancer, but generally include:

  • Genetic mutations, including BRCA1, BRCA2, Lynch syndrome and other hereditary breast and ovarian syndromes
  • Family history of breast, ovarian, uterine or colon cancer
  • Any cancer diagnosis, including women in remission
  • Test results indicating a precancerous condition (e.g. cervical dysplasia)
  • Obesity
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure
  • Abnormal cancer screening results (e.g. abnormal results from genetic testing, colonoscopy or the existence of dysplasia, which are cells that look abnormal under a microscope). 

If you fit the above criteria, our dedicated team of specialists can help you understand your gynecologic cancer risk level and risk management options.

Understanding Gynecologic Cancer Risk

At our Gynecologic Cancer Prevention Clinic, each patient receives a thorough risk assessment, including the following:

  • Detailed medical history review
  • Comprehensive, cancer-focused family history review
  • Assessment of lifestyle factors
  • Complete physical exam
  • Blood tests (when appropriate) to identify genetic mutations that may increase cancer risk

The results of this assessment help identify physical, mental and behavioral health factors that affect an individual's cancer risk. Each patient receives a formal assessment indicating her personal risk level of gynecologic cancer.

Risk level determines cancer screening plans, which our physicians customize along with the patient to create an individualized plan. Our experts offer cancer prevention recommendations, while minimizing or removing factors that increase cancer risk.