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Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been awarded annually for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace and, later, economics. The University of Chicago Medicine is proud to have been affiliated with 12 winners of this prestigious award.
The prize in Physiology or Medicine is given to those who, during the preceding year, "shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind" or who "shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine."
Read more about the Nobel laureates and their accomplishments below.
All Nobel Laureate photographs on this page are copyright (c) 1999 The Nobel Foundation.
"For ... discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity."
MD, Pritzker School of Medicine, 1981
Read more about Bruce Beutler
"For his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres."
PhD, Zoology, 1941 Assistant Professor of Anatomy, 1946-53
Read more about Roger Sperry
"For ... discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye."
Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Physiology, 1934
Read more about George Wald
"For his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer."
William B. Ogden Distinguished Service Professor, 1962-1997
Director and Founder of the Ben May Department for Cancer Research, 1951-1971Professor of Surgery, 1936-1962
"For ... discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism."
Professor of Biochemistry, 1950-1954
Associate Professor, 1948-50
Assistant Professor, 1946-48
"For ... discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane."
Faculty, Institute of Biomedical Research, 1966-1968
Lecturer, Department of Physiology, 1966
Read more about Sir John Eccles
"For ... discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nuclear acids and its significance for information transfer in living material."
BSc, Zoology, 1947Read more about James Watson
"For ... discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events."
Professor Emeritus, 1975-1989
William E. Wrather Distinguished Service Professor, 1969-75
Trustee, 1968-71; Honorary Trustee, 1971-1989
President and Trustee of the University, 1961-68
Professor of Biology, 1961-68
"For their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events."
AB, Chemistry, 1931
Read more about Edward Tatum
"For the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation."
Associate Professor of Physiology, 1925
Staff, Manhattan Project, 1942-1943
"For his discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K."
Lecturer in Medicine, 1940
Read more about Edward A. Doisy
"In recognition of his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs."
Postdoctoral research, Department of Physiology, 1904-1905Read more about Alexis Carrel
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