Concurrent or Sequential Immunotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Lung Cancer

  • Interventional
  • Recruiting
  • NCT03223155

A Randomized Phase I Trial to Evaluate Concurrent Or Sequential Ipilimumab, Nivolumab, and Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in Patients With Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (COSINR Study)

Trial Design - Patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer are randomized to nivolumab/ipilimumab plus either sequential or concurrent stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). - The primary endpoint is the phase I safety endpoint of SBRT dose for each body site. - The same starting SBRT dose levels are used in each arm. If two or more patients experience a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) at the starting dose level, then the reduced dose level will be used (Section 7.1-Page 72). - DLT is defined as any grade ≥3 toxicity possibly, likely, or definitely related to SBRT plus nivolumab/ipilimumab (the combination and not the individual components). - Irradiated metastases will be grouped into one of five locations, which have different SBRT doses, and the DLTs will be attributed to the relevant organ system. - The starting and decreased SBRT dose levels are found in Table 2 (Page 20). - SBRT will be delivered in 3-5 fractions over the course of 1-1.5 weeks. - Patients in the sequential arm will begin immunotherapy between 1-7 days after completion of SBRT - Given the accrual data for IRB15-1130, the investigators anticipate that approximately 1/3 of patients will contribute metastasis to 2 locations. Since there are 2 arms, and 5 metastasis locations with 6 patients per location for the starting dose level, this translates to 40 patients for the starting dose level, and another 40 patients should each of the 5 locations require de-escalation to the lower dose level. - Secondary endpoints include comparisons of efficacy and toxicity between the arms, as well as interrogation of changes in the immune microenvironment induced by the two approaches.