A Prospective, Multi-Institutional Phase II Trial Evaluating Temozolomide vs. Temozolomide and Olaparib for Advanced Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma
This phase II trial studies how well the addition of olaparib to the usual treatment, temozolomide, works in treating patients with neuroendocrine cancer (pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma) that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving olaparib with temozolomide may shrink or stabilize the cancer in patients with pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma better than temozolomide alone.
I. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with advanced pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (APP) receiving temozolomide (dose dense) and olaparib to that of patients receiving temozolomide (pulse dose) alone.
I. To compare the overall survival (OS) of patients with APP receiving temozolomide (dose dense) and olaparib versus (vs.) temozolomide (pulse dose) alone.
II. To compare the objective response rate (ORR) associated with temozolomide (dose dense) and olaparib vs. temozolomide (pulse dose) alone in patients with APP.
III. To evaluate and compare the toxicity profile of temozolomide-based combinations (temozolomide [dose dense] and olaparib vs. temozolomide [pulse dose]) in patients with APP using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) and Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO)-CTCAE.
I. Results of the primary analysis will be examined for consistency, while taking into account the stratification factors and/or covariates of baseline quality of life (QOL) and fatigue.
I. To assess biochemical response: serum catecholamines and metanephrines; urine catecholamines and metanephrines.
II. To assess biomolecular markers associated with clinical outcome: germline succinyl dehydrogenase (SDH) mutations and tumor status of the repair enzyme methylguanine-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methyltransferase (MGMT).
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive temozolomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) and olaparib PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-7. Treatment with temozolomide repeats every 21 days for up to 13 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cycles of olaparib repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive temozolomide PO QD on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 13 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients discontinuing treatment due to reasons other than disease progression are followed every 8 weeks until disease progression, then every 6 months until 5 years after start of treatment. Patients discontinuing treatment due to disease progression are followed every 6 months for 5 years after start of treatment.
18 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
- Documentation of disease
- Histologic documentation: Histologically-proven advanced (metastatic or unresectable primary) pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma
- Stage: Advanced (metastatic or unresectable primary) disease
- Tumor site: Histologically-proven pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma
- Radiographic evaluation: Radiographic evidence of disease progression by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v) 1.1 in the 12 months prior to registration
- Measurable disease
- Lesions must be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 1 cm with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (or >= 1.5 cm for lymph nodes). Non-measurable disease includes disease smaller than these dimensions or lesions considered truly non-measurable including: leptomeningeal disease, ascites, pleural or pericardial effusion, lymphangitic involvement of skin or lung
- Prior treatment with other chemotherapy, radiotherapy (including peptide radionuclide receptor therapy [PRRT]), or surgery must be completed >= 28 days prior to registration. Patients must have recovered from any effects of any major surgery prior to registration
- Prior treatment with radiolabeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) must be completed >= 12 weeks prior to registration and lifetime cumulative 131I-MIBG dose must be < 1000 MBq kg-1 (36 mCi kg-1)
- Prior treatment with antibiotics must be completed >= 7 days prior to registration
- Therapy utilized in this trial is associated with medium/high fetal risk
- Women of childbearing potential and their partners, who are sexually active, must agree to use two highly effective forms of contraception in combination. This should be started from the time of registration and continue throughout the period of taking study treatment and for at least 1 month after last dose of study drug(s), or they must totally/truly abstain from any form of sexual intercourse
- Male patients must use a condom during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of study drug(s) when having sexual intercourse with a pregnant woman or with a woman of childbearing potential. Female partners of male patients should also use a highly effective form of contraception if they are of childbearing potential. Male patients should not donate sperm throughout the period of taking study drug(s) and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug(s)
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0-2
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
- Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
- Hemoglobin >= 10 mg/dL
- In the absence of transfusion within the previous 24 hours
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Except in the case of Gilbert's syndrome, then total bilirubin must be =< 3.0 x ULN
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN
- Creatinine < 1.5 x ULN OR calculated (calc.) creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min
- Calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation
- Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity are allowed if CD4 count > 250 cells/uL and they have an undetectable HIV viral load within 6 months of registration
- No prior treatment with temozolomide, dacarbazine, or a poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor
- No prior allogeneic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord blood transplantation (dUCBT)
- Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic effects. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration is required
- No indication of uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac condition(s) as determined by investigator (e.g., unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, QTcF prolongation > 500 msec, electrolyte disturbances, etc.) and no known congenital long QT syndrome
- No extensive bilateral lung disease or pneumonitis
- No abnormal organ or bone marrow function =< 28 days prior to registration
- No active infection
- No history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (or any dysplastic leukocyte morphology suggestive of MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia
- No known gastrointestinal condition(s) that might predispose for drug intolerability or poor drug absorption
- No known medical condition causing an inability to swallow oral formulations of agents
- No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to PARP inhibitors
- Concurrent use of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not permitted
- Chronic concomitant treatment with strong or moderate CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors is not allowed. Patients must discontinue the agent(s) >= 21 days prior to registration; enzalutamide and/or phenobarbital must be discontinued >= 5 weeks prior to registration