Randomized Phase II Trial in Early Relapsing or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma
This phase II trial studies how well obinutuzumab with or without umbralisib, lenalidomide, or combination chemotherapy work in treating patients with grade I-IIIa follicular lymphoma that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Immunotherapy with obinutuzumab, may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Umbralisib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Biological therapies, such as lenalidomide, use substances made from living organisms that may stimulate or suppress the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone, and bendamustine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving obinutuzumab with or without umbralisib, lenalidomide, or combination chemotherapy will work better in treating patients with grade I-IIIa follicular lymphoma.
I. To compare the complete response rate up to 6 cycles after randomization as defined by centrally read positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) (integral biomarker) of 2 targeted therapeutic regimens (obinutuzumab + umbralisib [TGR-1202] or obinutuzumab + lenalidomide) with obinutuzumab + chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride [doxorubicin], vincristine sulfate [vincristine], and prednisone [CHOP] or bendamustine hydrochloride [bendamustine]) in patients with early relapsing or refractory follicular lymphoma.
I. To validate the prognostic association of the m7-FLIPI model, demonstrating that the population of follicular lymphoma patients who respond poorly to chemoimmunotherapy are enriched for having a high-risk m7-FLIPI score, and that the score is associated with progression-free survival (integrated biomarker). (Primary translational medicine) II. To estimate the 30-month sustained complete response rate (CR30) defined by centrally read PET/CT with each of the regimens in this early relapsing or refractory follicular lymphoma population.
III. To estimate best response up to 12 cycles of therapy, progression free survival, duration of response and overall survival with each of the combinations in early relapsing or refractory follicular lymphoma.
IV. To evaluate the adverse effects of each of the regimens in early relapsing or refractory follicular lymphoma.
V. To evaluate the predictive performance of non-invasive genotyping (m7-FLIPI in circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]) of plasma at study entry relative to standard tumor genotyping (m7-FLIPI) of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue.
VI. To evaluate the association between the detection of active lymphoma by PET-CT and the detection of circulating tumor DNA in plasma at baseline, after 6 and 12 cycles, and at 30 months after initiation of study therapy.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive obinutuzumab intravenously (IV) on day 1 and umbralisib orally (PO) daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive obinutuzumab IV on day 1 and lenalidomide PO on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PRIOR BENDAMUSTINE-BASED CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive obinutuzumab IV on day 1, cyclophosphamide IV on day 1, doxorubicin IV on day 1, vincristine IV on day 1, and prednisone PO on days 1-5. Treatment with obinutuzumab repeats every 21 or 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment with combination chemotherapy repeats every 21 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PRIOR CHOP CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive obinutuzumab IV on day 1, and bendamustine IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 2. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 or 12 cycles (bendamustine and obinutuzumab, respectively) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.
18 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
- Patients must have follicular lymphoma (grade I, II or IIIa) confirmed at initial diagnosis and at relapse with identifiable fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) avid disease on PET/CT; patients that have involvement with large cell lymphoma are not eligible
- Patients must not have clinical evidence of central nervous system involvement by lymphoma since the proposed treatment strategies are not designed to address central nervous system (CNS) involvement adequately; if performed, any laboratory or radiographic tests performed to assess CNS involvement must be negative
- Patients must have a whole body or limited whole body PET/CT scan performed within 42 days prior to registration
- Patients must have bone marrow biopsy performed within 42 days prior to registration
- All disease must be assessed and documented on the S1608 FDG-PET/CT assessment form
- The intent is to enroll patients with FL relapsed within 2 years of completing their first course of chemotherapy (CHOP or bendamustine based therapy) + anti-CD20 therapy. Patient is still eligible if he/she received radiation therapy or anti-CD20 therapy prior to chemoimmunotherapy or if maintenance anti-CD20 therapy was administered after chemoimmunotherapy
- Patients must have either failed to achieve a complete remission, or must have relapsed within 2 years after completing CHOP or bendamustine-containing chemoimmunotherapy (including an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody), as measured from the last dose of CHOP or bendamustine; relapsed patients must not have received any intervening chemotherapy
- Patients must have received only 1 course of chemotherapy, containing at least 3 cycles of CHOP or bendamustine; (note that no minimum dose of bendamustine is required)
- Patients who received any anti-CD20 antibody therapy prior to CHOP or bendamustine are eligible
- Patients who additionally received any maintenance anti-CD-20 antibody therapy or consolidative radioimmunotherapy within 2 years of the last dose of the CHOP or bendamustine therapy are eligible
- Involved field or involved site radiation is not considered a line of therapy; examples of eligible prior treatment regimens (note this list is not all inclusive):
- 1st line rituximab treatment followed years later by bendamustine rituximab x 4 cycles
- Bendamustine rituximab x 4 cycles
- 1st line rituximab treatment, 2nd line ibritumomab tiuxetan, followed by bendamustine bortezomib rituximab x 6 cycles followed by rituximab maintenance
- Bendamustine obinutuzumab x 3 cycles
- CHOP rituximab x 6 cycles followed by rituximab maintenance
- For all forms of systemic therapy, patients must have completed therapy at least 21 days prior to registration; patients must have completed any radioimmunotherapy at least 84 days prior to registration; patients must have recovered from all treatment related toxicities from these therapies prior to registration
- Patients must not have any prior treatment with any PI3K inhibitor, or lenalidomide
- Patients must have tissue specimens collected prior to registration; patients must be offered participation in biobanking of residual specimens; with patient consent, residuals from the mandatory submission will be banked for future research
- All patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0, 1 or 2
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL within 28 days prior to registration
- Platelets >= 75,000/mcL within 28 days prior to registration
- Patients must have adequate renal function as documented by a calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min, within 28 days prior to registration
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) (=< 5 x IULN if secondary to lymphoma, Gilbert's syndrome, or medication related [e.g., indinavir, tenofovir, atazanavir]) within 28 days prior to registration
- Direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x IULN (=< 5 x IULN if secondary to lymphoma) within 28 days prior to registration
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x IULN (=< 5 x IULN secondary to lymphoma) within 28 days prior to registration
- Patients must have an echocardiogram (ECHO) or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan within 42 days prior to registration with a cardiac ejection fraction >= 45%
- Patients with hepatitis B virus infection must have undetectable hepatitis B virus (HBV) on suppressive therapy and no evidence of HBV-related hepatic damage; patients with hepatitis C virus infection are eligible if complete eradication therapy has been successfully completed, and there is no detectable hepatitis C virus (HVC) or related hepatic damage; patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are eligible if they meet all of the following criteria in addition to the other protocol eligibility criteria:
- Patient must have no history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related complications, other than a history of low CD4+ T-cell count (< 200/mm^3) prior to initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy; on study CD4+ T-cell count may not be informative due to leukemia and should not be used as an exclusion criterion if low
- Patient must be healthy on the basis of HIV disease with high likelihood of near normal life span were it not for the leukemia
- Patient must have serum HIV viral load of < 200 copies/mm^3
- Patient must be on combination antiretroviral therapy with minimal pharmacokinetic interactions with study therapy and minimal overlapping clinical toxicity with protocol therapy; (recommend a regimen of the integrase inhibitor dolutegravir combined with either disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine or dolutegravir combined with tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine)
- Protease inhibitors and once daily formulations containing cobicistat are NOT allowed due to potential pharmacokinetic interactions with leukemia therapy
- Stavudine and zidovudine (AZT) are NOT allowed because of overlapping toxicity with protocol therapy
- Patients must be able and willing to receive prophylaxis with daily aspirin, low molecular weight heparin, factor X inhibitors or warfarin if randomized to lenalidomide; patients must also be willing to receive pneumocystis jirovecii prophylaxis with sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, dapsone, atovaquone or inhaled pentamidine, in the event that they are randomized to TGR-1202; patients unable or unwilling to take any listed prophylaxis are NOT eligible
- Patients must be able to discontinue CYP2C9 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index (e.g. warfarin, phenytoin), if randomized to TGR-1202; patients must discontinue such agents at least 1 week or 5 half-lives prior to beginning protocol therapy (whichever is longer)
- No second prior malignancy is allowed except for adequately treated basal (or squamous cell) skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer or other cancer for which the patient has been disease free for three years
- Patients must have a complete history and physical examination within 28 days prior to registration
- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days and again within 24 hours prior to starting cycle 1 of lenalidomide; further, they must either commit to complete abstinence (true abstinence is acceptable when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject; periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal or post ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception) from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before starting lenalidomide; while taking lenalidomide, during dose interruptions, and for at least 28 days after the last dose of lenalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP, even if they have had a successful vasectomy; a FCBP is a female who: 1) has achieve menarche at some point; 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months); all patients must be counseled by a trained counselor every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure; NOTE: patients not randomized to receive lenalidomide will not be required to undergo serial pregnancy testing or lenalidomide counseling after registration
- Patients must have lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and beta-2-microglobulin collected within 28 days prior to registration
- Patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
- As a part of the Oncology Patient Enrollment Network (OPEN) registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system