A Phase I/II Study of Ruxolitinib With Front-Line Neoadjuvant and Post-Surgical Therapy in Patients With Advanced Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube or Primary Peritoneal Cancer
This phase I/II partially randomized trial studies the side effects and the best dose of ruxolitinib phosphate when given together with paclitaxel and carboplatin and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage III-IV epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer. Ruxolitinib phosphate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving ruxolitinib phosphate together with paclitaxel and carboplatin may be a better treatment for epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer compared to paclitaxel and carboplatin alone.
I. Determine whether treatment with ruxolitinib phosphate (ruxolitinib) in combination with conventional neoadjuvant and post-surgical chemotherapy is safe and tolerable in the primary therapy for epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma. (Phase I) II. Demonstrate whether treatment with ruxolitinib in combination with conventional neoadjuvant and post-surgical chemotherapy results in a prolonged progression-free survival when compared to chemotherapy alone, in primary therapy for epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma. (Phase II)
I. Determine frequency of patients who do not receive surgery within 6 weeks of completing cycle 3 therapy for reasons other than non-response, disease progression, or medical contraindications. (Phase I) II. Determine if continuation of ruxolitinib as maintenance therapy in participants who complete 6 cycles of standard chemotherapy in combination with ruxolitinib and have not experienced unacceptable toxicity or disease progression is safe and tolerable. (Phase I) III. Determine the impact of ruxolitinib in combination with chemotherapy on progression-free survival as a function of proposed exploratory biomarkers - ALDH+ CD133+ (possibly also CD24+ CK19+) co-staining by AQUA immunofluorescence (IF); ratio of tumor expression of CD8:FOXP3 by immunohistochemistry (IHC); and tumor CD3, CD4, TAI-1, HLA class I and II, CD68 expression by IHC in archived tumor tissue, BRCA status, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and IL-6 levels in pre-treatment serum. (Phase II) IV. Investigate the prognostic significance of exploratory laboratory parameters in terms of both progression-free survival and overall survival in women receiving conventional chemotherapy alone. (Phase II) V. Determine whether treatment with ruxolitinib in combination with conventional chemotherapy is associated with total gross resection rate at time of interval cytoreductive surgery. (Phase II) VI. Determine whether treatment with ruxolitinib in combination with conventional chemotherapy is associated with complete pathologic response defined at interval cytoreductive surgery. (Phase II) VII. Demonstrate whether treatment with ruxolitinib in combination with conventional chemotherapy results in an improvement in overall survival in primary management of epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma. (Phase II)
OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of ruxolitinib phosphate, followed by a phase II study.
PHASE I PORTION OF STUDY IS COMPLETE (04/06/2018)
PHASE I (CYCLES 1-3): Patients receive ruxolitinib phosphate orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21, paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15, and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 6 weeks after completion of cycle 3, patients undergo tumor reductive surgery (TRS).
PHASE I (CYCLES 4-6): Within 6 weeks of TRS, patients receive ruxolitinib phosphate PO BID on days 1-21, paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15, and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. If TRS is not performed due to non-response or medical contraindications and criteria for discontinuation of protocol therapy have not been met, patients should resume ruxolitinib phosphate, paclitaxel, and carboplatin within 6 weeks of completing cycle 3 of therapy.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Within 3 weeks after completion of cycle 6, patients receive ruxolitinib phosphate PO BID. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PHASE II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I (CYCLES 1-3): Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15 and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 6 weeks after completion of cycle 3, patients undergo TRS.
ARM I (CYCLES 4-6): Within 4 weeks of surgery (or within 6 weeks of completion of cycle 3 in patients who do not undergo TRS), patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15 and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II (CYCLES 1-3): Patients receive ruxolitinib phosphate PO BID on days 1-21 and paclitaxel and carboplatin as in arm I. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 6 weeks after completion of cycle 3, patients undergo TRS.
ARM II (CYCLES 4-6): Within 4 weeks of surgery (or within 6 weeks of completion of cycle 3 in patients who do not undergo TRS), patients receive ruxolitinib phosphate PO BID on days 1-21 and paclitaxel and carboplatin as in arm I. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients in phase I are followed up until resolution of adverse events, and patients in phase II are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.
18 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
- Patients must have clinically and radiographically suspected and previously untreated International Federation of Gynecologic and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage III or IV epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer, high grade, for whom the plan of management will include neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with interval tumor reductive surgery (TRS) who have undergone biopsies for histologic confirmation
- Institutional confirmation of Mullerian epithelial adenocarcinoma on core biopsy (not cytology or fine needle aspiration) or laparoscopic biopsy; (for phase II of the study formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded [FFPE] tissue should be available for laboratory analysis); patients with the following histologic epithelial cell types are eligible: high grade serous carcinoma, high grade endometrioid carcinoma, clear cell carcinoma, or a combination of these
- All patients must have measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1; measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded); each lesion must be >= 10 mm when measured by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or caliper measurement by clinical exam; or >= 20 mm when measured by chest x-ray; lymph nodes must be >= 15 mm in short axis when measured by CT or MRI
- Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:
- History/physical examination within 28 days prior to registration
- Radiographic imaging of the chest, abdomen and pelvis within 28 days prior to registration documenting disease consistent with FIGO stage III or IV disease
- Further protocol-specific assessments
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)/Karnofsky performance status of 0, 1, or 2 within 28 days prior to registration
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1,500/mcl; this ANC cannot have been induced by granulocyte colony stimulating factors (within 14 days prior to registration)
- Platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/mcl (within 14 days prior to registration)
- Hemoglobin greater than 9.0 mg/dl (transfusions are permitted to achieve baseline hemoglobin level) (within 14 days prior to registration)
- Estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula (within 14 days prior to registration)
- Bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 14 days prior to registration)
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
- Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
- Neurologic function: neuropathy (sensory and motor) less than or equal to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 1
- Ability to swallow and retain oral medication
- The patient must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry
- BRCA testing results (i.e., comprehensive BRCA1 and BRCA2 sequencing, including assessment of gene rearrangements) must be submitted for all patients enrolled to Amendment 7 and subsequent amendments; BRCA testing results are optional for all patients enrolled prior to Amendment 7; due to the long acceptance of germline BRCA testing through Myriad, Myriad testing reports will be accepted without additional documentation; if testing for germline BRCA is done by other organizations, in addition to the testing report, documentation from a qualified medical professional (e.g., ovarian cancer specialty physician involved in the field, high risk genetics physician, genetics counselor) detailing the laboratory results is required; please retain a copy of all reports (positive, variants of unknown significance [VUS], or negative)
- Patients with suspected non-gynecologic malignancy, such as gastrointestinal
- Patients with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer and other specific malignancies are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being present within the last three years (2 years for breast cancer); patients are also excluded if their previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy
- Patients who have received prior chemotherapy for any abdominal or pelvic tumor within the last three years are excluded; patients may have received prior adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy for localized breast cancer, provided that it was completed more than 2 years prior to registration, the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease and hormonal therapy has been discontinued
- Patients who have received prior radiotherapy to any portion of the abdominal cavity or pelvis or thoracic cavity within the last three years are excluded; prior radiation for localized cancer of the head and neck or skin is permitted, provided that it was completed more than three years prior to registration, and the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease
- Patients who have received any targeted therapy (including but not limited to vaccines, antibodies, tyrosine kinase inhibitors) or hormonal therapy for management of their epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal primary cancer
- Patients with mucinous carcinoma, low grade endometrioid carcinoma, low grade serous carcinoma or carcinosarcoma
- Patients with synchronous primary endometrial cancer, or a past history of primary endometrial cancer, unless all of the following conditions are met: stage not greater than I-A, grade 1 or 2, no more than superficial myometrial invasion, without vascular or lymphatic invasion; no poorly differentiated subtypes, including serous, clear cell or other FIGO grade 3 lesions
- Severe, active co-morbidity defined as follows:
- Chronic or current active infectious disease requiring systemic antibiotics, antifungal or antiviral treatment
- Known brain or central nervous system metastases or history of uncontrolled seizures
- Clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction within 6 months from enrollment, New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure, and serious arrhythmia requiring medication (this does not include asymptomatic atrial fibrillation with controlled ventricular rate)
- Partial or complete gastrointestinal obstruction
- Patients who are not candidates for major abdominal surgery due to known medical comorbidities
- Patients with any condition that in the judgment of the investigator would jeopardize safety or patient compliance with the protocol
- Patients who are unwilling to be transfused with blood components
- Concurrent anticancer therapy (e.g. chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, investigational therapy)
- Receipt of an investigational study drug for any indication within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
- Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are unable or unlikely to comply with the dosing schedule and study evaluations
- Patients who are pregnant or nursing; the effects of ruxolitinib on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; WOCBP must have a screening negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days of registration; a second pregnancy test must be done within 24 hours prior to the start of the first cycle of study treatment; women must not be breastfeeding
- Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile) do not require contraception
- Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal; menopause is defined clinically as 12 month amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes; in addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level greater than 40mIU/mL
- Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection or known history of tuberculosis; (This exclusion criterion is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be immunosuppressive)