Cardiogenic Shock Intravascular Cooling Trial (CHILL-SHOCK)
The purpose of the study is to compare patients with cardiogenic shock who receive standard therapy plus therapeutic hypothermia (TH) to patients with cardiogenic shock who receive standard medical therapy alone in order to assess the safety of TH in patients with cardiogenic shock. This study will also help understand the physiologic effects of TH in patients with cardiogenic shock. This will be a pilot study to establish the initial safety of TH and to assess tolerability of TH in this patient population.
For patients randomized to TH, cooling to 32-34°C will then be initiated and maintained for 24 hours using the FDA-approved Intravascular Temperature Management (IVTM™) System with the 9.3 French Quattro® Catheter. The IVTM™ System along with the Quattro® Catheter are currently FDA-approved for use in cardiac surgery patients to achieve and maintain normothermia during surgery and in recovery and to induce, maintain, and reverse mild hypothermia in neurosurgery patients during surgery and in recovery. The IVTM™ System and Quattro® Catheter are not, however, currently FDA-approved to achieve therapeutic hypothermia in cardiogenic shock patients. TH is achieved by circulating normal saline in a closed system through the catheter. The temperature is measured and adjustments are made by the thermal regulation system to automatically maintain target temperature. The target temperature is achieved within 2-3 hours of initiation of TH. Rewarming is accomplished using the same balloon catheter system and heat exchange occurs without infusion of any saline or fluids.
Standard medical therapy for all patients will be based on the current recommendations for management of cardiogenic shock. This includes inotropic therapy for cardiac support, vasopressor therapy to achieve target blood pressure, diuretics for volume removal, and mechanical circulatory support as clinically indicated. Laboratory, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic parameters will be obtained for patients prior to randomization, after 18-24 hours post-randomization, and after 48-96 hours post-randomization. Core temperature will be measured via either thermal tip at the end of a transurethral urinary catheter or endotracheal temperature probe in intubated patients.
18 Years to 89 Years
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
1. Cardiogenic shock
1. Systolic blood pressure <90mmHg for at least 30 minutes
2. Cardiac Index < 2.2 L/min/m2
3. Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) ≥ 15mmHg
4. Need for central venous access, vasopressors, inotropes and/or mechanical circulatory support (i.e. intra-aortic balloon pump, Impella®, ECMO) to maintain systolic blood pressure ≥ 90mmHg
2. Etiology of shock
1. Acute coronary syndromes (STEMI, NSTEMI, or UA)
2. Ischemic or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy
4. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
5. Stress-induced cardiomyopathy
6. Peripartum cardiomyopathy
7. Cardiogenic shock in a patient with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
3. Age ≥ 18 years AND ≤ 89 years
4. Admission to the University of Chicago Coronary Care Unit
1. Baseline heart rate < 60 beats per minute
2. Baseline temperatures < 35°C
3. Recent cardiotomy
4. History of cardiac transplantation
5. Current pregnancy
6. Contraindication to 9.3 French femoral venous access for placement of intravascular cooling catheter
7. Hospice designation (either currently in hospice or previously enrolled within the past 30 days)