Nature Sounds as a Pain and Anxiety Reducing Strategy in Patients Undergoing Breast Core Biopsy: A Randomized Study
Patients will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: the group exposed to NS, or the standard care group exposed to supportive dialogue. Patients assigned to the former group will be exposed to continuous NS throughout the CNB procedure.
For ultrasound biopsies, the experiment also consists of six different parts: (1) A baseline 5 min biopsy planning period during which only imaging occurs after patient is positioning, (2) One 2-min local anesthesia administration period during which local anesthesia is given at the site of biopsy and a skin incision performed ("stressor 1"), (3) One post local anesthesia administration period during which intra-procedure imaging and confirmation of adequate targeting occurs, (4) One 1-minute first-pass sampling period ('stressor 2") during which the biopsy device is advanced to the target for the first time and fired to acquire the first tissue sample, and (5) One 2-minute post-CNB period, following the first needle pass while sample adequacy is visually assessed and additional intra-procedure imaging occurs, (6) One 2-minute post-CNB period, during which a biopsy marker clip is deployed and pressure dressing placed on the biopsy site.
The total time for a single site CNB is approximately 30 minutes when performed under US-guidance, and 30-45 minutes when performed under stereotactic guidance. The added physiological recordings for this experiment are not expected to significantly prolong the duration of CNB procedures.
21 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
- 1) ≥ 21 years old
- 2) present for CNB
- 3) to be able to read and speak English
- 4) provide written informed consent.