Demonstration of Reverse Remodeling Effects of Entresto (Valsartan/Sacubitril) Using Echocardiography Endocardial Surface Analysis

  • Interventional
  • Recruiting
  • NCT02754518
Eligibility Details Visit Clinicaltrials.gov

Demonstration of Reverse Remodeling Effects of Entresto (Valsartan/Sacubitril) Using Echocardiography Endocardial Surface Analysis

This study intends to measure the effects of valsartan/sacubitril compared to baseline standard medical heart failure therapy on reverse remodeling using echocardiographic endocardial surface analysis techniques to assess changes in ventricular volume, function, and shape. Furthermore, Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy and the heart to mediastinum ratio will be used to assess Left Ventricle (LV) volume regression and risk reduction. The investigators also intend to measure the effects of valsartan/sacubitril on exercise capacity as assessed by the 6 minute walk test and peak Volume of Oxygen (V02) on cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Additionally, the investigators will examine the impact of valsartan/sacubitril on functional status and quality of life using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) and Qualia Health (a novel iPhone application that incorporates Fitbit technology to provide a "real time" daily 6 minute step count and assesses quality of life using a series of short targeted questions. The investigators will also measure Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), N-terminal of the Prohormone Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP), and Rho-kinase (a biomarker associated with heart failure) levels at multiple time-points throughout the study period.

Gender
All

Age Group
18 Years and up

Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
No

Inclusion Criteria:

         1. Males and females aged ≥18 years

         2. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV with 25%≤ Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) ≤40% (ECHO within last 6 months)

             - NT-proBNP ≥ 600 pg/mL OR

             - NT-proBNP ≥ 400 pg/mL and a hospitalization for heart failure within the last 12 months

         3. Stable and optimized on an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) equivalent to enalapril ≥ 10 twice a day (BID) for at least 4 weeks

         4. Stable and optimized on a beta-blocker for at least 4 weeks

         5. Optimized dosing of aldosterone antagonist at stable dose for at least 4 weeks

        Exclusion Criteria:

         1. History of angioedema

         2. estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 at screening

         3. Serum potassium > 5.2 mmol/L at screening

         4. Symptomatic hypotension as defined by Investigator, systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 100 mmHg at screening

         5. Current acute decompensated heart failure

         6. History of severe pulmonary disease

         7. Active malignancy

         8. Requirement for treatment with both angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB)

At a Glance

National Government IDNCT02754518

IRB#IRB15-1410

Lead SponsorUniversity of Chicago

Lead PhysicianNir J. Uriel

Collaborator(s)N/A

EligibilityAll
18 Years and up
Recruiting