MARGetuximab Or Trastuzumab (MARGOT): A Phase II Study Comparing Neoadjuvant Paclitaxel/Margetuximab/Pertuzumab to Paclitaxel/Trastuzumab/Pertuzumab in Patients With Stage II-III HER2-positive Breast Cancer
The purpose of this study is to determine how well participants with stage II-III HER2-positive breast cancer respond to pre-operative treatment using one of two different combinations of drugs. Drugs and Combinations used: - Paclitaxel, Pertzumab and Margetuximab - Paclitaxel, Pertzumab and Trastuzumab (Herceptin)
- The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including laboratory evaluations, two mandatory research biopsies and follow up visits.
- Participants will be randomized, which means randomly assigned, to one of two treatment arms. The treatment arms in this study and the names of the study drugs in each arm are:
- Arm A: Paclitaxel, Pertzumab and Margetuximab
- Arm B: Paclitaxel, Pertzumab and Trastuzumab
Participants will receive study treatment for 12 weeks prior to surgery and will be followed for 10 years after surgery. After surgery, some participants will continue to receive the study drug margetuximab for a year in total, if they respond very well to the first 12 weeks of treatment with margetuximab.
It is expected that about 171 people will take part in this research study.
This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug combination to learn whether the drug combination works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug combination is being studied.
The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has approved paclitaxel, trastuzumab (Herceptin), and pertuzumab as part of a pre-operative treatment option for stage II-III HER2-positive breast cancer.
The use of margetuximab has not been approved by the FDA, for treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer, or any other type of cancer. In other clinical studies, this drug has prevented or slowed the growth of breast cancer.
Previous studies also suggest that margetuximab could be more or equally as effective as trastuzumab for patients with certain immune system features and stage II-III HER2-positive breast cancer.
18 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
- Stage II or III (according to AJCC cancer staging manual anatomic staging table, 8th edition) histologically confirmed invasive carcinoma of the breast. A minimum tumor size of 1.5 cm (in breast mass or axillary lymph node) determined by physical exam or imaging (whichever is larger) is required. Patients with inflammatory breast carcinoma (T4d) are NOT eligible.
- Centrally confirmed to have a low affinity CD16 germline genotype (FF or FV)
- HER-2 positive by 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists criteria, as assessed by standard institutional guidelines (central testing is not required).
- ER/PR determination is required. ER- and PR-assays should be performed by immunohistochemical methods according to standard institutional guidelines
- Bilateral breast cancers are allowed as long as both cancers are HER2-positive (as defined in 3.1.2), or the contralateral cancer is a <1 cm, ER+ tumor.
- Patients with multifocal or multicentric disease are eligible if the treating investigator has determined the patient should be treated as HER2-positive.
- Breast imaging should include dedicated ultrasound of the ipsilateral axilla. For subjects with a clinically positive axilla based on exam or imaging, a fine needle aspiration or core biopsy procedure will be performed to determine the presence of metastatic disease in the lymph nodes (though lymph node sampling procedure need not be resulted prior to patient's registration on trial, as long as all other eligibility are met).
- Men and women (with any menopausal status) ≥18 years of age are eligible.
- ECOG performance status 0 or 1
- Required laboratory values demonstrating adequate organ function:
- ANC ≥ 1000/mm3
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl
- Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3
- Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN (institutional) OR calculated GFR ≥ 60mL/min
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (institutional). For patients with Gilbert Syndrome, the direct bilirubin should be within the institutional normal range OR total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL.
- AST and ALT ≤ 2.5x ULN (institutional) Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50%.
- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days of registration. Childbearing potential is defined as: those who have not been surgically sterilized and/or have had a menstrual period in the past 12 months
- Women of childbearing potential and men with partners of childbearing potential must be willing to use one highly effective form of non-hormonal contraception or two effective forms of non-hormonal contraception by the patient and/or partner and continue its use for the duration of the study treatment and for 7 months after the last dose of study treatment.
- Patients with a history of ipsilateral or contralateral DCIS or LCIS are eligible.
- Patients undergoing breast conservation therapy (i.e. lumpectomy) must not have any contraindications to radiation therapy.
- Non-English-speaking patients are eligible but will be exempt from patient-completed questionnaires.
- Willing and able to sign informed consent.
- Willing to undergo breast biopsy for research purposes.
- Pregnant or nursing women due to the teratogenic potential of the study drugs.
- Active, unresolved infection requiring intervention
- Receipt of intravenous antibiotics for infection within 7 days prior to registration.
- Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic >180 mm Hg and/or diastolic >100 mm Hg) or clinically significant (i.e. active) cardiovascular disease: cerebrovascular accident/stroke or myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to first study medication, unstable angina, congestive heart failure (CHF) of New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II or higher, or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication.
- Significant symptoms (Grade ≥ 2) from peripheral neuropathy.
- Other concurrent serious diseases that may interfere with planned treatment, including severe pulmonary conditions/illness, uncontrolled infections, uncontrolled diabetes.
- Any prior treatment for the current breast cancer, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiation, or experimental therapy.
- Patients with any prior history of invasive breast cancer within the past 5 years are not eligible. Non-metastatic invasive breast cancers diagnosed more than 5 years ago and any other type of prior non-metastatic cancer is allowed.