Stress Testing and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
The purpose of this study is to better define the role of a comprehensive stress MRI (which includes myocardial perfusion imaging, optimized coronary imaging, and myocardial scar imaging) in medical practice and in patient health management. Information gathered from the healthy volunteers that participate in this study will be compared to information from the coronary artery disease patients in this study in order to help further our understanding.
Although adenosine stress CMR is a rapidly maturing test, several important challenges exist. First, many patients find it difficult to tolerate the common side effects of adenosine in the confined space of the MRI scanner. Secondly, many patients under the influence of adenosine and its side effects cannot adequately hold their breath during image acquisition making image interpretation more difficult and quantitative analysis very time consuming. Finally, because adenosine must be continuously infused during a contrast-enhanced stress CMR, 2 separate intravenous (I.V.) catheters are needed. Most of the undesirable effects of adenosine are mediated through the adenosine A(2B) and A(3) receptors; where as, its desired vasodilator effects are mediated through the A(2A) receptor. The FDA recently approved an adenosine A(2A) receptor specific stress testing agent called regadenoson which is administered as a 10 second bolus and has an improved side effect and safety profile when compared to adenosine. With its improved tolerability and ease of use, regadenoson is a more ideal stress testing agent to use with CMR.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a comprehensive regadenoson stress cardiac magnetic resonance study which includes myocardial perfusion imaging, optimized coronary imaging, and myocardial scar imaging provides incremental prognostic information over a clinical evaluation that includes nuclear stress testing.
18 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Suspected coronary artery disease
- Symptoms of possible coronary artery disease
- Acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction
- Second or third degree AV block
- Severe Renal Disease (GFR <30cc/min or hemodialysis)
- Contra-indications to MRI (i.e. ICD, pacemaker, aneurysm clip, etc)
- Hemodynamic instability
- Inability to provide informed consent
- Severe claustrophobia
- Age <18 years