A Phase II Randomized Trial of Olaparib Versus Olaparib Plus Tremelimumab in Platinum-Sensitive Recurrent Ovarian Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well olaparib with or without tremelimumab works in treating patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer that has come back (recurrent). Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as tremelimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving olaparib and tremelimumab together may work better than olaparib alone in treating patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer.
I. To determine whether olaparib plus tremelimumab has adequate safety in the study population. (Safety Lead-in Trial Components) II. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) duration of olaparib monotherapy versus olaparib plus tremelimumab in women with recurrent, platinum sensitive ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer. (Phase II Trial Component)
I. To compare the overall response rate (ORR) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 in women with recurrent, platinum sensitive ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer treated with either olaparib monotherapy or olaparib plus tremelimumab.
II. To compare the overall survival (OS) of women with recurrent, platinum sensitive ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer treated with either olaparib monotherapy or olaparib plus tremelimumab.
I. To explore whether conditions in the tumor microenvironment (as measured by gene expression signature in archived tumor samples) identify patients that benefit from combined olaparib and tremelimumab immunotherapy.
II. To explore whether mutations in BRCA1/2 genes or other evidence of homologous repair deficiency (HRD+) is prognostic and/or predictive of response to combined olaparib and tremelimumab immunotherapy.
III. To explore associations between PD1 expression in the tumor microenvironment and outcome and changes in circulating leukocyte populations.
IV. To explore the correlation between tumor mutational burden and response to olaparib and tremelimumab immunotherapy.
V. To explore the impact of olaparib and tremelimumab versus olaparib monotherapy on circulating leukocyte subsets via exploration of the immunomodulatory effects of PARP inhibition and the added impact of CTLA4 blockade in this patient population.
VI. To explore cytokine/chemokine levels using a multiplex immunoassay (Olink) and correlate these levels with clinical endpoints.
VII. To use cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to assess BRCA mutation status as a mechanism of acquired resistance to prior PARP inhibition and to compare with treatment efficacy.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive olaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive olaparib as in Arm I. Patients also receive tremelimumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day 1. Cycles of tremelimumab repeat every 4 weeks for 4 doses and then every 12 weeks for up to 2 years total in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up monthly for 3 months, then every 3 months for 2 years, followed by every 6 months for 3 years.
18 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
- Patients must have platinum-sensitive, recurrent high-grade serous or high-grade endometrioid ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer. Submission of BRCA testing results is required for all patients. Patients with other (clear cell, mixed epithelial, undifferentiated carcinoma, or transitional cell carcinoma) high-grade histologies are also eligible, provided that the patient has a known deleterious germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation identified through testing at a clinical laboratory. Due to the long acceptance of germline BRCA testing through Myriad, Myriad testing reports will be accepted without additional documentation. If testing for germline BRCA is done by other organizations, in addition to the testing report, documentation from a qualified medical professional (e.g., ovarian cancer specialty physician involved in the field, high risk genetics physician, genetics counselor) detailing the laboratory results is required. Please retain a copy of all reports (positive, variants of uncertain significance [VUS], or negative).
- Platinum-sensitive disease defined as no clinical or radiographic evidence of disease recurrence for > 6 months (or 182 days) after last receipt of platinum-based therapy. The date should be calculated from the last administered dose of platinum therapy.
- Patients must have had a complete clinical response to their prior line of platinum therapy and cannot have had progression through prior platinum-based therapy.
- Patients must have RECIST 1.1 measurable disease. Patients with biochemical recurrence based on CA125 levels alone are not eligible.
- Prior therapy:
- Prior chemotherapy must have included a first-line platinum-based regimen with or without consolidation chemotherapy.
- Prior bevacizumab therapy as a component of frontline or recurrent treatment is permitted.
- Patients may have received an unlimited number of platinum-based therapies in the recurrent setting.
- Patients may have received up to one non-platinum-based line of therapy in the recurrent setting. Prior hormonal therapy will not be counted as this non-platinum-based line.
- Prior treatment with a PARP inhibitor:
- Patients may not have had a prior PARP inhibitor in the recurrent setting.
- Prior use of a PARP inhibitor in the upfront maintenance setting is allowed for women with a confirmed BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline or somatic mutation.
- Women who received a PARP inhibitor for maintenance therapy in the frontline setting must have received at least one other chemotherapy regimen for recurrence prior to enrolling on this trial.
- Patients who demonstrated disease progression while on a PARP inhibitor are excluded.
- Prior hormonal-based therapy for ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer is acceptable.
- Body weight > 30 kg.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcl (within 14 days prior to enrollment)
- Platelets >= 100,000/mcl (within 14 days prior to enrollment)
- Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL (within 14 days prior to enrollment)
- Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcl (within 14 days prior to enrollment)
- Note: blood transfusions are not permitted within 28 days prior to enrollment
- Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 14 days prior to enrollment)
- GFR (estimated creatinine clearance or CLcr) will be estimated using the Cockcroft and Gault equation for females
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 14 days prior to enrollment)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 times institutional ULN (within 14 days prior to enrollment)
- Adequately controlled thyroid function, with no symptoms of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) within normal limits. Thyroid replacement therapy is permitted to achieve a TSH within normal limits.
- Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medications and not have gastrointestinal illnesses that would preclude absorption of olaparib as judged by the treating physician.
- Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply:
- Women < 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy).
- Women >= 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy).
- Administration of study drugs (olaparib, tremelimumab) may have an adverse effect on pregnancy and poses a risk to the human fetus, including embryo-lethality. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use two (2) highly effective forms of contraception from up to 14 days prior to enrollment (for oral contraceptives), during treatment, and for 6 months after the last dose of study medication.
- Life expectancy >= 12 weeks.
- Patients with brain metastases are eligible if follow-up brain imaging after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression. Imaging studies must have been completed no later than 14 days prior to enrollment. In addition, patients must have been successfully weaned off steroid support. Patients should not have received steroids for the treatment of brain metastases within 14 days prior to enrollment.
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is not required by protocol unless clinically indicated. Known HIV positive patients are eligible if they meet the following criteria:
- They must be on an anti-retroviral regimen with evidence of at least two undetectable viral loads within the past 6 months on this same regimen; the most recent undetectable viral load must be within 12 weeks of study enrollment.
- They must have a CD4 count >= 250 cells/uL over the past 6 months on this same anti-retroviral regimen and must not have had a CD4 count < 200 cells/ul over the past 2 years, unless it was deemed related to THE CANCER AND/OR chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression.
- For patients who have received chemotherapy in the past 6 months, a CD4 count < 250 cells/ul during chemotherapy is permitted as long as viral loads were undetectable during this same chemotherapy.
- They must have an undetectable viral load and a CD4 count >= 250 cells/uL within 7 days prior to enrollment.
- They must not be currently receiving prophylactic therapy for an opportunistic infection and must not have had an opportunistic infection within the past 6 months.
- The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry and, for patients treated in the United States (U.S.), authorization permitting release of personal health information.
- Active infection requiring antibiotic therapy (except for uncomplicated urinary tract infections), including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and tuberculosis (TB) testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive hepatitis B virus [HBV] surface antigen [HBsAg] result), or hepatitis C. Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA).
- Hormonal therapy directed at treatment for the cancer must be discontinued at least 28 days prior to enrollment. Hormone replacement therapy for symptom management is permitted.
- Any other therapy directed at treating the cancer including chemotherapy, biologic/targeted agents, and immunologic agents, unless discontinued at least 28 days prior to enrollment.
- Any radiation therapy unless discontinued at least 28 days prior to enrollment.
- Major surgical procedure (defined as any surgery requiring general anesthesia or inpatient care) within 28 days prior to enrollment.
- Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before enrollment. The following are exceptions to this criterion:
- Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (i.e. intra-articular injection)
- Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent
- Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (i.e. computed tomography [CT] scan contrast allergy premedication).
- Patients with active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
- Patients with autoimmune disease (e.g., psoriasis, extensive atopic dermatitis, severe asthma, inflammatory bowel disease [IBD], multiple sclerosis [M.S.], uveitis, vasculitis) requiring concurrent use of any systemic immunosuppressants or steroids are excluded from the study. Patients with vitiligo, mild, intermittent asthma requiring only occasional beta-agonist inhaler use, or mild localized eczema are eligible.
- Any patient with an allogeneic (allo)-transplant of any kind is excluded, including xenograft heart valve.
- Chronic use of immune-suppressive drugs (i.e. systemic corticosteroids) for the management of cancer or non-cancer related illnesses (i.e. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]).
- Note: ongoing steroid use for the management of brain metastases is not permitted.
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to olaparib or tremelimumab.
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, substantially increase risk of incurring adverse events (AEs) or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent.
- Subjects must not have evidence of bowel obstruction on imaging or symptoms consistent with a bowel obstruction. Additional workup to rule this out is not required.
- Known potent CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers must be discontinued prior to starting treatment.
- Symptoms associated with toxicities (> Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event [CTCAE version (v) 5.] grade 2) caused by prior cancer therapy, excluding alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria.
- Patients with grade >= 2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the Study Chair.
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agent.
- Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec on two or more time points within a 24-hour period, or a family history of long QT syndrome. If an initial ECG is within normal limits, a repeat ECG is not required.
- Patients who have previously received anti-CTLA-4 antibody therapy.
- Blood transfusions are not permitted within 28 days prior to study enrollment.
- Patients must not have signs or symptoms suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia.
- Pregnant or lactating patients
- Receipt of live attenuated vaccines within 30 days of enrollment. Note: patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccines while receiving study treatment and up to 30 days after the last treatment dose. Inactivated vaccines are permitted.