Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH)
This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
I. To evaluate the proportion of patients with objective response (OR) to targeted study agent(s) in patients with advanced refractory cancers/lymphomas/multiple myeloma.
I. To evaluate the proportion of patients alive and progression free at 6 months of treatment with targeted study agent in patients with advanced refractory cancers/lymphomas/multiple myeloma.
II. To evaluate time until death or disease progression. III. To identify potential predictive biomarkers beyond the genomic alteration by which treatment is assigned or resistance mechanisms using additional genomic, ribonucleic acid (RNA), protein and imaging-based assessment platforms.
IV. To assess whether radiomic phenotypes obtained from pre-treatment imaging and changes from pre- through post-therapy imaging can predict objective response and progression free survival and to evaluate the association between pre-treatment radiomic phenotypes and targeted gene mutation patterns of tumor biopsy specimens.
STEP 0 (Screening): Patients undergo biopsy along with molecular characterization of the biopsy material for specific, pre-defined mutations, amplifications, or translocations of interest via tumor sequencing and immunohistochemistry. Consenting patients also undergo collection of blood samples for research purposes.
STEPS 1, 3, 5, 7 (Treatment): Patients are assigned to 1 of 38 treatment subprotocols based on molecularly-defined subgroup. (See Arms Section)
STEPS 2, 4, 6 (Screening): Patients experiencing disease progression on the prior Step treatment or who could not tolerate the assigned treatment undergo review of their previous biopsy results to determine if another treatment is available or undergo another biopsy. Patients may have a maximum of 2 screening biopsies and 2 treatments per biopsy.
STEP 8 (Optional Research): Consenting patients undergo end-of-treatment biopsy and collection of blood samples for research purposes.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 1 year.
18 Years and up
Accepting Healthy Volunteers?
- ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SCREENING BIOPSY (STEP 0)
- Patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to registration; patients that are pregnant or breast feeding are excluded; a patient of childbearing potential is anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria:
- Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
- Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
- Patients of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 4 months after completion of study; should a patient become pregnant or suspect while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
- Patients must have histologically documented solid tumors or histologically confirmed diagnosis of lymphoma or multiple myeloma requiring therapy and meet one of the following criteria:
- Patients must have progressed following at least one line of standard systemic therapy and there must not be other approval/standard therapy available that has been shown to prolong overall survival (i.e. in a randomized trial against another standard treatment or by comparison to historical controls); patients who cannot receive other standard therapy that has been shown to prolong overall survival due to medical issues will be eligible, if other eligibility criteria are met; if the patient is currently receiving therapy, the clinician must have assessed that the current therapy is no longer benefitting the patient prior to enrolling on MATCH, regardless of whether it is considered standard OR
- Patients for whose disease no standard treatment exists that has been shown to prolong overall survival
- NOTE: No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following:
- Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
- In situ cervical cancer
- Adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission
- Any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years
- Patients must have measurable disease
- Patients must meet the criteria below
- Tumor tissue for the confirmation of "rare variant" by the MATCH assay is to be submitted, preferably from the same time of collection as that used to determine patient candidacy for treatment arm assignment
- Registration to Step 0 must occur after stopping prior systemic anti-cancer therapy. There is no specific duration for which patients must be off treatment prior to registration to Step 0, as long as all eligibility criteria are met
- Patients may have received other non-targeted, immunotherapy or targeted treatment between the prior genetic testing at the outside lab and registration to Step 0. The decision to stop such treatment in favor of participation in MATCH, if no further clinical benefit is expected, is per the treating physician's discretion. Documentation of a lack of response to the prior treatment is not required in these cases
- Patients with an applicable "rare variant" must be able to meet the eligibility criteria for the appropriate subprotocols within 4 weeks following notification of treatment assignment
- Patient meets one of the following criteria:
- Patient is a candidate for Z1M based on local CLIA assessment of MMRd by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or MSI status by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), adequate tumor tissue is available for submission for mandatory central screening IHC and the patient will be able to meet the eligibility criteria for Z1M within 4 weeks following notification of treatment assignment OR
- The sites has received results from one of the designated outside laboratories indicating a "rare variant" that is an actionable Mutation of Interest (aMOI) for specific select subprotocols
- NOTE: The outside laboratory specifically notified the site that patient may be a potential candidate for MATCH due to a detected "rare variant." The outside lab reports are NOT sufficient for this purpose. The content and format of these specific referrals will vary depending on the designated outside lab in question, as they are each responsible for their own outreach efforts. It is strongly recommended that the designated outside laboratory be contacted to confirm the format and receipt of this notification prior to registering any patients to Step 0. There is no particular window of time after notification of potential eligibility from an outside lab in which the patient must be registered to Step 0, but treatment slots will be assigned on a first come, first serve basis to those who do register to Step 0, and are not held for those notified of potential eligibility who do not register to Step 0.
- NOTE: Treatment assignment (and the start of the associated deadline for Step 1 registration) may occur shortly after Step 0 registration. Note that certain "rare variant" arms require submission of archival tissue for central IHC testing to determine treatment assignment. For those arms, adequate tissue for the central IHC is required to be available for submission
- NOTE: Other potential aMOIs that would be eligibility criteria for "NON RARE" arms, as determined by the designated laboratories, are not applicable for this process in MATCH
- Patients must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 and a life expectancy of at least 3 months
- Patients must be able to swallow tablets or capsules; a patient with any gastrointestinal disease that would impair ability to swallow, retain, or absorb drug is not eligible
- Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive are eligible if:
- CD4+ cell count greater or equal to 250 cells/mm^3
- If patient is on antiretroviral therapy, there must be minimal interactions or overlapping toxicity of the antiretroviral therapy with the experimental cancer treatment; for experimental cancer therapeutics with CYP3A/4 interactions, protease inhibitor therapy is disallowed; suggested regimens to replace protease inhibitor therapy include dolutegravir given with tenofovir/emtricitabine; raltegravir given with tenofovir and emtricitabine; once daily combinations that use pharmacologic boosters may not be used
- No history of non-malignancy acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining conditions other than historical low CD4+ cell counts
- Probable long-term survival with HIV if cancer were not present
- Any prior therapy, radiotherapy (except palliative radiation therapy of 30 gray [Gy] or less), or major surgery must have been completed >= 4 weeks prior to start of treatment; all adverse events due to prior therapy have resolved to a grade 1 or better (except alopecia and lymphopenia) by start of treatment; palliative radiation therapy must have been completed at least 2 weeks prior to start of treatment; the radiotherapy must not be to a lesion that is included as measurable disease
- NOTE: Prostate cancer patients may continue their luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist
- NOTE: For patients entering the study via the original screening process, patients may receive non-protocol treatment after biopsy (if clinically indicated) until they receive notification of results; however, lack of response must be documented prior to registration to Step 1; new non-protocol treatment will NOT be permitted as intervening therapy after registration to Step 0; the only intervening treatment permitted is prior therapy that the patient already received prior to Step 0 registration; the decision to stop the intervening non-protocol treatment will be left up to the treating physician if patient has an aMOI; however, patients will need to be off such therapy for at least 4 weeks before receiving any MATCH protocol treatment
- NOTE: For patients entering the study via a designated outside laboratory, no intervening systemic non-protocol treatment is permitted after Step 0 registration; all other eligibility requirements still apply to these patients, including the washouts for prior therapy noted above in this section, the time restrictions outlined, and the eligibility criteria for the intended subprotocol
- Patients with brain metastases or primary brain tumors must have completed treatment, surgery or radiation therapy >= 4 weeks prior to start of treatment
- Patients must have discontinued steroids >= 1 week prior to registration to Step 0 and remain off steroids thereafter, except as permitted; patients with glioblastoma (GBM) must have been on stable dose of steroids, or be off steroids, for one week prior to registration to treatment (Step 1, 3, 5, 7)
- NOTE: The following steroids are permitted (low dose steroid use is defined as prednisone 10 mg daily or less, or bioequivalent dose of other corticosteroid):
- Temporary steroid use: e.g. for computed tomography (CT) imaging in setting of contrast allergy
- Low dose steroid use for appetite
- Chronic inhaled steroid use
- Steroid injections for joint disease
- Stable dose of replacement steroid for adrenal insufficiency or low doses for non-malignant disease
- Topical steroid
- Steroids required to manage toxicity related to study treatment, as described in the subprotocols
- Steroids required as pre- or post-chemotherapy medication for acceptable intervening chemotherapy
- NOTE: Steroids must be completed alongside last dose of chemotherapy
- Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (within 2 weeks prior to screening step registration and within 4 weeks prior to treatment step registration)
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (within 2 weeks prior to screening step registration and within 4 weeks prior to treatment step registration)
- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within 2 weeks prior to screening step registration and within 4 weeks prior to treatment step registration)
- NOTE: Patients with documented bone marrow involvement by lymphoma are not required to meet the above hematologic parameters, but must have a platelet count of at least 75,000/mcL and neutrophil count of at least 1,000/mcL
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless documented Gilbert's syndrome, for which bilirubin =< 3 x institutional ULN is permitted) (within 2 weeks prior to screening step registration and within 4 weeks prior to treatment step registration)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (up to 5 times ULN in presence of liver metastases) (within 2 weeks prior to screening step registration and within 4 weeks prior to treatment step registration)
- Creatinine clearance >= 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
- As defined by the Cockcroft-Gault equation (within 2 weeks prior to screening step registration and within 4 weeks prior to treatment step registration)
- Patients must have an electrocardiogram (ECG) within 8 weeks prior to registration to screening step and must meet the following cardiac criteria:
- Resting corrected QT interval (QTc) =< 480 msec
- NOTE: If the first recorded QTc exceeds 480 msec, two additional, consecutive ECGs are required and must result in a mean resting QTc =< 480 msec; it is recommended that there are 10-minute (+/- 5 minutes) breaks between the ECGs
- The following only need to be assessed if the mean QTc > 480 msec
- Check potassium and magnesium serum levels
- Correct any identified hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia and may repeat ECG to confirm exclusion of patient due to QTc
- For patients with heart rate (HR) 60-100 beats per minute (bpm), no manual read of QTc is required
- For patients with baseline HR < 60 or > 100 bpm, manual read of QT by trained personnel is required, with Fridericia correction applied to determine QTc
- Patient must not have hypokalemia (value < institutional lower limit of normal)
- No factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval
- NOTE: Patient must be taken off prohibited medication prior to registration to the screening step (Step 0, 2, 4, 6) and remain off these medications thereafter, unless permitted on a subprotocol for the management of treatment related toxicity; patient must be off the drug for at least 5 half-lives prior to registration to the treatment step (Step 1, 3, 5, 7); the medication half-life can be found in the package insert for Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs
- ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR FIRST TREATMENT (STEP 1)
- NOTE: For patients entering step 0 with assay results from outside laboratories, no systemic treatment is allowed after step 0 registration
- As MATCH is designed to add additional subprotocols, implement limited expansions of accrual for certain subprotocols, and/or amend existing arm-specific eligibility criteria, some patients entering under the original screening method may be eligible to have their results rerun in MATCHbox, even if they did not match to a treatment initially or did not receive a treatment assignment due to a lack of available assignment slots; patients whose sequence results will be rerun through MATCHbox must also meet the following criteria:
- Samples must have been collected within 5 months of the activation of the addendum, as there is an additional month needed to get the patients on trial
- Patient has not had treatment within the 5 months that resulted in a PR or better after the performance of the screening assessment
- Patient must meet eligibility criteria, including performance status 1 or better and life expectancy of at least 3 months
- Patients must meet the eligibility requirements with the following exceptions:
- Patients may have received other non-targeted, immunotherapy or targeted treatment, which could be stopped in favor of returning to MATCH, if no response to the interim treatment has occurred and no further benefit is expected from this interim treatment, per the treating physician's discretion; documentation of a lack of response to the interim treatment is not required in these cases; however, the following restrictions apply:
- Enrollment onto another investigational therapeutic study is not permitted
- Patient cannot be responding to int